Danganronpa is among the best hidden gaming gems for the PS Vita. Originally released exclusively in Japan as two PSP games in 2010 (Danganronpa: Trigger Happy Havoc) and 2012 (Danganronpa 2: Goodbye Despair), it was thanks to the release of the PS Vita collection with both episodes in USA and Europe, that western gamers were finally able to enjoy this bizarre visual novel. However, before it gained its final name that we know today, “Danganronpa”, the project was first in development for the PSP under another title; Distrust.
The story behind the development of Distrust is more complex than you might think. Despite Spike Chunsoft releasing many images from the beta version of the game, they did not explain why the project was so heavily changed. Nor did they elaborate on why some features from the original Distrust project were reused not only for Danganronpa, but also for another popular visual novel.
Danganronpa was originally published in late 2010 by Spike, just a year after they released 999: Nine Hours, Nine Persons, Nine Doors for the Nintendo DS, developed by Chunsoft. 999 was released in English in 2010, where it soon became a cult hit among american visual novel fans, thanks to its gloomy and mysterious plot. Unfortunately, in Japan, it was not quite as well received. When it was first shown, Distrust received better feedback from Japanese gamers; but it seems that in its early days of development, the game shared many more similarities with 999.
It is difficult to determine the extent to which Danganronpa follows the original story of Distrust, but at least we know from these beta screens that the game already had both Class Trials and the resulting executions; as well as an ensemble of 15 characters. Both the drawings and the darker atmosphere of Distrust contrast with the more “colourful” Danganronpa. The colours in Distrust were much dirtier and the over the top executions that can be seen in Danganronpa had yet to be implemented. Distrust had much more bloody deaths for the characters, such as the execution of a female protagonist through use of a guillotine; something that doesn’t happen at all in the final game. We can speculate that the poor girl here, killed by the guillotine, could have been a beta version of Kyoko Kirigiri or Junko Enoshima from Danganronpa.
It seems that Spike and Chunsoft had some disagreements about the style of the game. After a while, the design of the characters and the colour of the blood were altered.
According to the developers, they have changed the color of the blood to pink in Danganronpa in order to keep the age-ratings down, but in the end, it was a stylistic choice that perfectly matched the final visuals of Danganronpa. Even with pink blood, CERO (the Japanese entertainment rating organization) gave a D rating to the first Danganronpa, so the game could only be sold to buyers of 17+ years old. The second episode was classified with a C rating, limiting it to 15+ years old gamers. The ratings of CERO are commonly criticised as being somewhat erratic.
Looking at the beta cover for Distrust, it seems that the title initially was given a D rating by CERO. This suggest that blood and violence may not have been the only reasons for the drastic changes that caused the game to evolve into Danganronpa.
A feature that was changed during development was the “Trust / Distrust” system. While Dangonronpa includes the Hope / Despair mechanic, Distrust was all about trust and distrust. These game mechanics were much more complex than the ones seen in Danganronpa.
Another element missing from Danganronpa, which is also relatively unusual for Visual Novels, are tough decisions that change the course of the story and lead to many different routes and endings. Only once, at the end of the game, are you able to make such a call in Danganronpa, although it has little effect on the plot. On the other hand, the Trust / Distrust would have allowed players to gain the trust or the resentment of other characters. Under this system, different murders and routes would have happened in the game. If one managed to win the trust of a character, they would act as allies in the following investigation. It’s interesting to notice that the Trust / Distrust system was reused in Zero Escape: Virtue’s Last Reward, the sequel to 999.
The Rhythm Minigame that can be found during Trials parts in Danganronpa was previously implemented in Distrust, as we can see in the left Screenshot.
Design of the characters in beta versions are often changed to more popular ones among staff, but in their final appearances, Distrust characters bear a decent resemblance to their appearances in Danganronpa. Character designer Rui Komatsuzaki stated in the official artbook (in which we can find many interesting unused artworks) how difficult it was to find the designs of the main characters. The first characters that were designed for Danganronpa were Sayaka Maizono and Leon Kuwata, from which he then created all the other designs. These two characters seem to have already been finalised in Distrust and in these beta screens, Sayaka and Leon are the only ones that are almost identical in the final game.
Other characters like Byakuya Togami, Hifumi Yamada and Toko Fukawa have since been drastically changed. Even the main “antogonist” of the game, Monokuma, was much, much different in his beta version, as you can see below.
The esign of Hope’s Peak Academy was quite different, as well, and in Distrust, it looked more like a dirty warehouse.
We are unsure of the official reasons behind all these changes over the beta version (Distrust) to the final one (Danganronpa), but we can speculate that Spike Chunsoft decided to make these shifts to differentiate the game from “999: Nine Hours, Nine Persons, Nine Doors”, that was not sufficiently popular in Japan. We wonder how Distrust would have been played, with its alternative characters, grittier environment, more bloody executions and different gameplay mechanics, not to mention with other plot lines and endings.
Another huge change over the beta version was the 7 days time limit. Unfortunately, we don’t know a lot about how this could have been used in the game.
A few easter eggs remained from this early version of the game, such as a well-known music track from Danganronpa that inherited its title from the original project.
Only a single video from Distrust still exists, showing all its little details and distinctions. Even if the characters shown in this beta video were different as the ones in Danganronpa, we recommend you steer clear of watching it if you haven’t finished the game, as to avoid spoilers.
Original article written by Aufziehvogel in german, english translation and updates by Monokoma and Tamaki. Thanks to Dengeki Playstation for the screenshots, GameFAQs users & Jeuxvideo. If you notice more differences, or if you own the Danganronpa artbook and can find some other interesting beta designs, let us know in the comments below!
This article is amazing. Good work!
I wonder if they keep these BETAs archived somewhere or the files are simply deleted. This version is almost 10 years old.
It’s possible that they still have their old files somewhere in their archives, but for japanese companies it’s really hard to ever see them leaked online and after many years those files could be lost if no collector is able to find of them :(
Absolute thorough and fantastic work done here! Cannot thank you enough for gathering up as much as you can and definitely very fascinating. If you find any more on the past of Danganronpa please let us know, I would be more than intrigued, as Danganronpa is a work of art to me. For now I simply will leave a donation.
Thank you JHero! We have to thanks our collaborators who helped with this article, it would be hard to keep up with all the unseen games listed in our archive without support of gamers from all around the world :)
There’s some stuff in here that I haven’t found anywhere, thanks!
I always wanted to play this version instead. I like the final product, but what I don’t like about DR is how is full of dark humor, not wanting to take itself seriously. Knowing that the original game was far darker, gorier, etc intrigues me a lot. And I prefer the aesthetic of Distrust, too. And some designs, like Celeste’s and Toko’s. I also wonder about the early music; DR has an awesome OST, but I really want to listen to the earlier version of it.
I personally believe that this could’ve been more popular than 999 over in Japan. And if it took itself seriously, and was well written (the first game is so cool until the final plot twist tbh), it could’ve saved the franchise. I mean, I think the games and the overall lore became worse and worse with each installment, and DR3 is a plain insult since it doesn’t even respect their own lore. Clearly Danganronpa was not what Kodaka originally wanted, and the decline of the franchise is him saying “I don’t want to work on this anymore”. I hope he does a similar project for his new game studio; I mean all the projects are basically the same thing. He left Spike Chunsoft to make more Danganronpa…
Either way. I really HOPE this version is not lost. I’m waiting in DESPAIR for it to be released in one way or another. I really want to play it
I want to play Distrust. I think this game would be better than Danganronpa.
The red cover with a Cero D you’re mentioning as a distrust cover actually says Danganronpa
I just want that trust/distrust mechanic, Danganronpa is good but the fact that nothing really happens with the caracters that i befriend is pretty lame